Is attention deficit disorder, with or without hyperactivity, (ADD or ADHD) more common among boys?
Is attention deficit disorder, with or without hyperactivity, (ADD or ADHD) more common among boys? It would seem so or, at least, that it is diagnosed more frequently among boys and at a younger age, since they are the ones that show more signs of impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Researcher Marie-France Marin, who is associated with the Centre for Studies on Human Stress (part of the Institut universitaire en santé mentale de Montréal), believes that we notice it more in boys because their behaviour is more disruptive. Girls, on the other hand, show more signs of attention deficit, but since this disturbs less, they are either diagnosed later or their ADD/ADHD goes unnoticed altogether.
In childhood, more girls suffer from anxiety than boys. After puberty, women are also more at risk for depression. “We suspect that hormones are involved, since hormonal variations affect depression rates,” notes Marin. At the same time, several studies reveal that hormones don’t have a direct impact on mood and depression. Other factors would therefore be at play, and since women tend to follow therapy more, “it could be that a certain number of depressed men are simply not detected,” concludes Marie-France Marin.
Source: Naître et grandir magazine, September 2013
Research and copywriting: Nathalie Vallerand
Scientific review: Sylvie Richard-Bessette, psychologist